What Is Angina Heart Disease?
Angina heart disease is a fatal condition occurring due to myocardial ischemia as a result of the loss of balance between myocardial blood supply and demand for oxygen.
The contraction of coronary arteries mostly causes disruption in blood supply resulting in arteriosclerosis and pain. This pain mostly occurs due to exertion particularly during walk. Climbing of stairs also leads to anginal pain.
Those with angina heart disease must exercise caution besides taking measures for recovery considering the deadly nature of this condition.
The heart muscles in those having heart ailments are not strong enough to consume more blood and oxygen as their hearts work harder. The pain of angina heart disease is mostly felt especially due to exertion or severe emotional strain. A person with this condition may also feel pain after having heavy meal.
It has been observed that because of the contraction the coronary arteries are unable to deliver blood to meet the demand of the heart muscle during such periods resulting in pain.
Angina is known to hit at least one out of fifty persons. The rate of this form of disease is more in men than women. The chances of this disease also increase with aging.
Those having valvular heart diseases are also likely to suffer angina. Angina heart disease may also affect those with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Angina usually leads to uncomfortable pressure in chest besides causing chest fullness and resulting in squeezing and sharp chest pain. The pain is mostly confined to the centre of the chest. However, all such chest related discomforts are not necessarily associated with angina.
Angina can also be triggered by acid reflux or heartburn. The infection or inflammation in lung may also trigger this condition.
Angina heart disease may lead to heart failure besides causing reduction or contraction of aortic heart valve. The condition may also cause abnormality in heart rhythms and anemia. In many cases it leads to complications relating to heart muscle besides causing coronary artery spasm.
Breath shortness and perspiration mostly become apparent as common signs of angina heart disease. The condition also leads to nausea besides causing feeling of indigestion. Sometimes the arms and hands become numbed. Cramping and burning pain in the body are the other signs of this condition.
Before starting the treatment of this condition it is essential for the patient to give up smoking and undergo weight loss program besides performing exercise. The treatment necessitates measures for lowering high blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Nitrates, beta-blockers and other medications like calcium channel blockers are recommended for those suffering from angina heart disease.