What Causes Male Infertility?

maleinfertility About 15 percent couples are found to be infertile which means that frequent and unprotected sexual intercourse in a year did not lead to pregnancy. In half of such cases, men are found to be unable to impregnate their partners.

Male infertility can occur due to irregular production of sperm, lack of proper delivery of sperms from penis, fragile health, poor lifestyle and above all exposure to hazardous environment are considered to be the major factors that contribute to infertility in males.

Though male infertility can be a cause, yet there may be drawbacks in the female partner as well that may disrupt the process of fertilization.

However, do not worry as treatments are available for both you and your partner. It can be possible to get over the causes of male infertility through appropriate tests, correct diagnosis and treatment.

What are the symptoms of male infertility?

The inability to impregnate is the primary symptom of infertility in males. The symptoms of male infertility may not usually be apparent.

But if hormone is any factor for male infertility you may have some obvious symptoms such as lack of desire for having sex and low hairy growth on face or other parts of the body.

Causes of male infertility

Male hormones are responsible for triggering the development of reproductive organs and creation of sperms. A man can impregnate his female partner only by releasing healthy sperm through vaginal intercourse that can successfully fertilize her egg. Only healthy sperm can successfully reach the egg and fertilize it.

However, any abnormality in shape and structure of sperm may impair its ability for deep penetration and movement towards egg. The seminal fluid of male must contain adequate sperm count for causing pregnancy.

Your doctor may carry out a number of tests to find out the exact cause for infertility in you. Here are some factors that can commonly cause male infertility:


Varicocele refers to swelling in scrotum vein that adversely affects the process of cooling testicle, resulting in low sperm production and movement.

Undescended testicle

Undescended testicle refers to the state of one or both the testicles which remain confined to abdomen instead of descending into scrotum. This abnormality pertaining to testicles occurs at the time of fetal development. Because of this condition, the testicles are unable to get appropriate temperature for production of sperm.

Deficient testosterone, certain chromosomal defects, abnormal hormonal levels, inability to deliver sperm are some other causative factors for male infertility.

Chlamydia, gonorrhea and some other sexually transmitted diseases can cause infertility.

Moreover erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation and several other issues pertaining to sexual intercourse and relationship with female partners can be the contributing factors for male infertility.