Phobias are fears that are considered to be irrational or excessive. Various kinds of phobias exist in the world today and different people suffer from different kinds of phobias. People suffering from any of the phobias do not understand and realize that their fright is irrational. Even if one recognizes their fear to be irrational, it still cannot be overcome as it seems to be very real. Let us take a look are some common phobias that people face and the symptoms associated with them.
This phobia refers to an anxiety that occurs when one experiences different kinds of social experiences. These social situations may be as simple as the ones experienced by us on a daily basis. Many individuals suffering from social phobias have reported that they are scared of other people passing judgment on them or even watching them. They face a lot of problems in facing public situations or dealing with embarrassing situations. They are terrified of speaking in public or doing other activities amongst others.
Certain people are scared of particular things or situations; this is known as specific phobia. A person suffering from this condition usually avoids places and items that they are scared of. For instance, Arachnophobia is a condition involving excessive fear of spiders.
This kind of phobia involves the amount of space in which the person is. For instance, a person may have the fear of heights, fear of open spaces or fear of closed spaces.
One of the greatest techniques of overcoming phobias is Positive Reinforcement. This technique involves making the person observe and imitate others facing such a situation. For instance, if a person is scared of dogs, he should be made to observe others grooming, cuddling or playing with dogs. This is a great way of curing phobias.
Another method of overcoming phobias is logo therapy which involves giving hope and encouragement to the phobic to do the thing that they are fearful of. According to this technique, it becomes easier to overcome phobias by facing them head on. Another technique of graded exposure is helpful for facing the most severe objects or causes of fear till the fear vanishes completely.
The phobia that the person is suffering from should be identified first and then the right method of overcoming the situation should be used.