What is Tendinitis?
Tendinitis defines large-scale acute injuries in a tendon (an attachment in the form of cord between bone and muscle) around shoulders, elbows, wrists, and heels, resulting in inflammation or irritation. The injury comes under the category of tendinopathy, but, is very different from tendinosis in its treatment process. It is suggested to take proper preventive measure against Tendinitis, as, in case of its severe stage it can cause rupturing of a tendon. Generally, rest and medication are prescribed to control this injury, but, it is highly recommended to take preventive measure in advance.
Usually, naming of the injury is done along with the body part it is affecting, like injury in Achilles is referred as Achilles Tendinitis.
Symptoms of Tendinitis
There are some specific symptoms which help in detecting Tendinitis in the body part such as pain, tenderness in the muscle, and swelling.
Locations of pain occurring during Tendinitis in different body parts are given below:
Tendinitis in tennis elbow causes pain in outer side of forearm near the elbow of the injured person. Pain occurs when the person rotate his forearm or tries to hold something by the forearm.
Like this, if a person feels pain above his heel then it is a symptom of Achilles Tendinitis, pain in groin indicates adductor Tendinitis, pain just below the kneecap is patellar Tendinitis, and if pain occurs in the shoulder then it is a case of rotator cuff Tendinitis.
The intensity of pain in the body increases when the person performs activity requiring muscle support from the ruptured tendon. Like, when a rock climber tends to climb rock by getting support from his injured fingers and swimmer tries to swim by his injured shoulders. So, it is highly recommended not to do such specific activities and to do good amount of rest to control these injuries.
Diagnosis of Tendinitis
Visually, anybody can easily detect swelling or any inflammation occurring in the joints of the body. Anything similar to this pain can be detected by touching and pressing the injured body part.
Sometimes stiffness occurs at the surronding region of the ruptured tendon resulting in acute pain and reddish spot over the skin. If not taken properly, stiffness around the injured region can become more stiffer and pain and swelling can be experienced more, during activities involving those muscles. If the severity of the injury remains same for some more month then it could lead to tendonisis.
Other than visual detection, imaging tests like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used rarely to detect ruptured tendons. MRI detects wears and tears in the tendons and on its cover. If the doctor is confused between other inflammatory disease like rheumatoid arthritis and Tendinitis, he can recommend to take blood tests of the effected person.
Causes of Tendinitis
Main reason behind Tendinitis is injury and overuse of a particular joint or muscle during some activities like work and play. It majorly happens to sportsperson like swimmer, horse riders, golfer, etc. who are involved in activities done by their joints. Injuries strike tendons, which are surronded or covered by a layer or sheath of tissue, and causes ruture or tear of those tendons. Other than this, some inflammatory diseases, like arthritis in rheumatoid, can also result in Tendinitis. Tear and inflammation in the tendons causes pain in the body of effected person.
Repetitive and regular motion of arms and legs easily lead a person to this injury. Sportsperson who use their shoulders; like baseball players, tennis players, golfers; legs and feet, like runners are more prone to get this disease.
Because of this factor problems in tendinities are named according to the particular sportsperson with the effected joint like tennis elbow, golfer’s elbow, swimmer’s shoulder etc.
Types of Tendinitis
Tendinitis is named and differentiated according to the body part it is effecting. Like:
Wrist Tendinitis: If , there is some pain, swelling or inflammation seen in the wrist of a person then, it might be a case of wrist Tendinitis. It can be cured by taking some basic treatment, without any surgeries.
Achilles Tendinitis: It happens in the back of the heel of person, causing pain and inflammation in the heel. If not cured quickly it can rupture the tendons placed in the heel.
Patellar Tendinitis: Patellar, Tendinitis referes to the inflammation happening at the kneecap, jumper’s knee, of the effected person. It is advised to the person to take ample amount of rest and medication, dealing inflammatory condition.
Rotator Cuff Tendinitis: Pain, inflammation, and swelling in the shoulders are major symptoms of rotator cuff Tendinitis. Generally, it effects people who overuse their shoulders like tennis players.
Treatment of Tendinitis
Basically, the initial treatment to control Tendinitis focuses on to relieve patient from pain and inflammation occuring in the specific body part.
Some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are available in the market to control Tendinitis. Doctors recommend these drugs alongwith rest, braces, and some common exercises. Usually, treatment given for this injury is palliative in nature. Taking tendionisis in mind, Tendinitis is initially treated like tendionis to control the risk of its severity. Full recovery from this injury might take 4 to 6 weeks.
Looking at the condition of patient, doctor can inject a cortcosteroid medication that help in reducing pain and inflammation.Application of ionotophoresis alongwith electric current on the injured region is done to minimize rupture in tendon.
With this, some exercises that help in strengthening of muscles and some specific physical therapy are suggested to strengthen ruptured tendon region.
If the case becomes very critical, severe tearing of ruptured tendons, then some surgeries are recommended by doctors. The surgeries are capable in repairing torn tendons fully and thus results in no-pain and no-inflammation in the injury.
There are some home remedies which a patient can apply to get some immediate relief. Like :
Aplication of ice on the injured region can help in reducing pain and inflammation.
Some compressive wraps and elastic bandages are available in the market that help in compressing swelled region. Wraping these bandages on the swelled region helps in reducing swelling, therefore, helps in retaining motion in the injured muscle.
In case of knee Tendinitis, it is advisable to elevate the leg of the injured person above the level of the heart to reduce swelling.
Rest is the foremost thing which an injured person should do in ample amount to control the risk of severe Tendinitis.
Other than this, there are certain enzymes, like proteolytic enzymes, which helps professional sportsperson to recover from Tendinitis. The enzymes have the capability tobreak undigested protein from the injured part of the body. Hence, they are useful in reducing inflammation and swelling from the surface of body.
Living with Tendinitis
Research has shown that there are some diet regimen which an injured person should follow to cope up with Tendinitis. An injured person should not take high amount alkaline food in his diet to cut out extra fat from the body. Try to take more and more vegetables and fruits in your diet, but, avoid tomato because its alkaline in nature.
Coping from Tendinitis:
Firstly, consult your doctor as soon as possible. Other than medication and all, try to maintain positive attitude towards life. Maintain positive and strong emotional attitude and outlook towards problems you are facing. With them, enhace spiritual behaviour in your life to strengthen your body and soul. Always try to make improvements in your lifestyle and follow a control and punctual routine.
And, still if you think you are not fully satisfied with your life or lifestyle, go for some councelling help. The councellor will help you in regaining interest in your life and in retaining positive outlook towards life.
Prevention of Tendinitis
Going with the saying that prevention is better than cure, there are some suggestion given below to help people, who are more prone to catch Tendinitis, to prevent themselves from Tendinitis.
Rest on regular interval: Take rest on regular interval so that your body doesn’t stressout much. Resting and easing up your body will help in avoiding rupturing of tendons.
Stretch out your body: While doing exercises, try to stretch out your body more to increase the range of motion of your joints. This will help in loosening up of tight tissues, hence will help in making body more and more flexible.
Guidance: Always do new execrises under the guidance of an instructor. This will help in preventing accidents occuring due to wrong postures and all.
Right ergonomics: With this, in your workplace always try to follow right ergonomics.
Physical strength: And, try to become more strong physically. This will always help in preventing you from all such injuries.