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Pregnancy Bleeding – A Pregnancy Complication To Be Understood And Prevented
Pregnancy is a normal, natural process that makes a woman complete and fills her with joy of motherhood. But a pregnancy if not handled carefully may face certain serious complications.
Many factors go into making a pregnancy successful. Hence, essential knowledge must be acquired regarding every aspect about pregnancy when a woman gets pregnant.
Every expectant mother must be careful about her lifestyle, food habits and diet during her pregnancy. Every care must be taken to ensure that there are no accidents or any kind health damage is not caused to mother as well as the unborn baby.
A normal pregnancy usually lasts roughly nine months when a female egg fertilized with a healthy sperm travels into the uterus, where the fetus grows and develops by taking required nutrition and blood supply from the mother. Therefore, menstrual bleeding should come to a halt during the full term of pregnancy.
However, there are various complications that arise during pregnancy one of which is pregnancy bleeding. Little spotting or bleeding during pregnancy at any stage should immediately be reported to the physician and medical intervention should be taken to ensure safe pregnancy.
Pregnancy bleeding, what does it mean?
Pregnancy bleeding can be a simple spotting or something more serious than that. However, vaginal bleeding during pregnancy is not a good sign. During the first three months of pregnancy that is the first trimester there may be the presence of spotting or sometimes heavy bleeding with clots. Bleeding during the second and third trimesters should be of major concern while in the advanced stage heavy bleeding may even mean hemorrhage which may turn fatal.
During the first trimester bleeding may sometimes indicate a possible miscarriage but always it is not so. Sometimes lower abdomen pain may be present as well. Many pregnancies have been successfully completed with a healthy delivery where the expectant mother had faced initial bleeding in the first trimester. Initial bleeding may also be due to the implantation of the fetus. But proper recommendations taken from the doctor must be followed to avoid further complications. Sometimes complete rest is recommended and no heavy work should be pursued.
Sometimes an unhealthy or non-viable pregnancy is terminated by natural process through a miscarriage. However, most women can conceive and deliver a healthy baby after a miscarriage. Hence, there is no need to worry even if somebody is going through abnormal bleeding during pregnancy but she should consult the doctor to find the possible reason.
Sometimes the presence of an infection or a condition like ectopic pregnancies and molar pregnancies may account for abnormal vaginal bleeding and abdominal cramps. Hence, any kind of bleeding during pregnancy should be immediately consulted with the doctor to clarify the reason and find possible remedies.
During the second or third trimesters bleeding may occur due to cervix inflammations or any kind of formation on the cervix and this can be a reason for concern as both the mother and the fetus may be at risk. Sometimes placental abruption or detachment or placental previa where the placenta remains much lower than the normal position may also account for bleeding.
Usually these conditions occur if the mother’s age is more than 35 and also if the mother is suffering from trauma or indulges in bad habits like cocaine and tobacco. Prior pregnancies and surgeries may be a cause for uterine rupture which also causes severe bleeding and can be highly risky for both the mother and baby.
Common symptoms associated with pregnancy bleeding and complications
Sometimes pregnancy bleeding may be accompanied with a number of other symptoms like lower abdominal cramps, fatigue, fever, chills, excessive thirst, nausea and even losing consciousness. Sometimes heavy bleeding leading to excessive loss of blood may account for such accompanied symptoms. There can also be vaginal bleeding without cramps or any possible symptoms.
However, it doesn’t become possible for us to determine or make an assumption regarding the cause of the bleeding or its level of severity. Thus it is mandatory that any signs of pregnancy bleeding should immediately be reported to the doctor. Medical examinations successfully determine the possible cause and the doctor can recommend the next course of action.
Required care and possible preventive measures for pregnancy bleeding
Though many things are not under our control yet whatever is in our hands can be done to prevent pregnancy bleeding and also to prevent any further bleeding after the initial stages. Early pregnancy bleeding can be avoided further if proper self-care is taken, no heavy work or sex is done until doctor recommends, enough water and fluids are consumed to prevent dehydration and enough physical rest is taken. Unfortunately for late pregnancy bleeding there isn’t much we can do other than immediately consult the doctor who will take the required measures.
However, expectant mothers can look forward to a complication free pregnancy by following a healthy lifestyle, avoiding physical or emotional stress and consuming healthy and nutritious foods by following a pregnancy diet.
But the bottom line is to take care always by avoiding any injury and any overload of work or other pressures. All kinds of indulgence in unhealthy habits like alcoholic drinks, smoking or tobacco must be completely avoided. Consume foods that are well-cooked and avoid stale, spicy or junk foods. It is very necessary to maintain proper blood pressure and sugar levels throughout the pregnancy for the safety of both the mother and fetus.
Keep the body and mind relaxed through pregnancy massage and pregnancy exercises on doctor’s recommendation. The best way to enjoy a safe pregnancy and prevent pregnancy bleeding or any other complication is by being regular with required appointments with the doctor, taking prescribed medicines as directed and on time and also feel happy by thinking positive. Complications are not under control but being informed about the possibilities and required course of action can prevent many complications including pregnancy bleeding or can at least assist in reducing the severity.
Photo Credit: Magazine.ayurvediccure.com